Conversely, the dollar amounts tend to be significantly higher on a per-sale basis! Partner with local Shannon businesses as a supplier, customer, or both. Achievement, noted as a founder of information theory, claude Shannon combined mathematical theories with engineering principles to set the stage for the development of the digital computer. The term bit, today used to describe individual units of information processed by a computer, was coined from Shannons research in the 1940s. He published, a mathematical Theory of Communication in in the, bell System Technical journal (1948). His work founded the subject of information theory and he proposed a linear schematic model of a communications system.
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Now it is predominately scientific. The space program really isnt into taking patriotic notches like they once were. Most of the missions deal with scientific experiments. For example, lucid conducted experiments with quail eggs and personal the effects of zero gravity on them and how protein crystals are formed. On other missions scientists have created perfect spheres, a feat almost impossible on earth. It is truly a shift from the The right Stuff to the. Gone are the days of racing T-38s and here to stay are the days of science and for the good of man not the military. Shannon Lucid has been one of the people that has allowed everyone to dream for the stars. She hasnt had quite the effect of neil Armstrong one giant leap for mankind but she has made a great leap for everyone who dares to dream. Find and be found in the Shannon B2B directory. Did you know that Shannon business to business sales often have a longer buy cycle than their business to consumer counterparts?
These women had to go through rigorous testing and they proved that it doesnt take a story y chromosome to have the right Stuff. Her greatest accomplishment to date is she has spent the most time in space of any American. She spent 188 days and 65,454,841 miles in space. She is truly a tribute to sheer will power. When she came back to earth the effects of space usually make the bones and muscles grow weak from lack of gravity. Russian cosmonauts have to be carried out on stretchers. Her ability to walk can be accredited to her 400 plus hours logged on the treadmill and stationary bike. That is almost 17 days or a tenth of her total time in space, working out. The space program has really changed in the past ten to fifteen years.
So from?66-68 she worked at Kerr-Mcgee corp. This is also where she met her husband Michael Lucid. After she was married she returned to school at the. University of Oklahoma, where she earned her. One interesting occurrence after the birth nurse of her daughter, the very next day she took a biochemistry exam, which her instructor had expected her to make up later. Three years later she finally had a chance to fulfill her dream by getting into the space program. The program was now allowing women. She scrambled to get her application in and was accepted as one of the first six female astronauts.
States didnt even have a space program. After graduating from Bethany high. School in 1960 she got her pilots license. In regard to her dream she said, the baptists wouldnt let women preach, so i had to become an astronaut to get closer to god than my father. By this time America already had a space program. She could not believe that of the first seven Mercury astronauts, none were females. This is just one more instance she complained of discrimination of women in traditionally male held occupations. She experienced the same thing when she tried unsuccessfully to become a commercial pilot.
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Ever since children have dared to dream, they have always dreamt of going to the narayan moon or to the stars. For the millions of children who dream essay this, only an infinitely small portion actually achieve this goal. In 1943 in war- torn China, a girl was born who had this same dream. Her name was Shannon Lucid. She was born in 1943 to a baptist preacher, joseph Oscar Wells and. Myrtle wells, a nurse.
At 6 months of age she and her parents were sent to a prison camp by the japanese. Only a year later were they safe in American arms after they were traded for Japanese pows. After the war they went back. China, but in 1949 they were forced to leave when the communists took over. They then settled in Bethany, oklahoma. She always had the dream that someday she would be a space explorer. People thought her crazy for this dream though, because the United.
Shannons information theories eventually saw application in a number of disciplines in which language is a factor, including linguistics, phonetics, psychology and cryptography, which was an early love of Shannons. His theories also became a cornerstone of the developing field of artificial intelligence, and in 1956 he was instrumental in convening a conference at Dartmouth College that was the first major effort in organizing artificial intelligence research. Sources: The new Alchemists. The biographical Dictionary of Scientists, second Edition. Roy porter, Oxford University Press, 1994 Three degrees Above zero: Bell Labs in the Information Age. Jeremy bernstein, Charles Scribners Sons, 1984.
McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science technology7th edition. Engines of the mind: a history of the computer. The massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1987. Silicon Dreams: Information, man and Machine. Cybernetics for the modern Mind. Mind tools: The five levels of Mathematial reality. Larousse dictionary of Scientists. Shannon Lucid Essay, research Paper, shannon Lucid, jon Lang.
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He applied his friendship earlier research to the problem at hand, again using boolean logic to develop a model that reduced information to its most simple forma binary system of yes/no choices, which could be presented by a 1/0 binary code. By applying set codes to information as it was transmitted, the noise it picked up during transmission could be minimized, thereby improving the quality of information transmission. In the late 1940s, Shannons research was presented in The mathematical Theory of Communications, which he co-authored with mathematician Warren weaver. It was in this work that Shannon first introduced the word bit, comprised of the first two and the last letter of binary digit and coined by his colleague john. Turley, to describe the yes-no decision that lay at the core of his theories. In the 1950s, Shannon turned his efforts to developing what was then called "intelligent machines mechanisms that emulated the operations of the human mind to solve problems. Of his inventions during that time, the best known was a maze-solving mouse called Theseus, which used magnetic relays to learn how to maneuver through a metal maze.
Booles theory, which formulated the hotel basis for boolean algebra, stated that a statement of logic carried a one if true and a zero if false. Shannon theorized that a switch in the on position would equate to a boolean one. In the off position, it was a zero. By reducing information to a series of ones and zeros, Shannon wrote, information could be processed by using on-off switches. He also suggested that these switches could be connected in such a way to allow them to perform more complex equations that would go beyond simple yes and no statements to and, or or not operations. Shannon graduated from mit in 1940 with both a masters degree and doctorate in mathematics. After graduation, he spent a year as a national Research Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University, where he worked with mathematician and physicist Hermann weyl. In 1941, Shannon joined the bell Telephone laboratories, where he became a member of a group of scientists charged with the tasks of developing more efficient information transmitting methods and improving the reliability of long-distance telephone and telegraph lines. Shannon believed that information was no different than any other quantity and therefore could be manipulated by a machine.
Bush. Noted as a tinkerer, he was ideally suited to working on the differential Analyzer, and would set it up to run equations for other scientists. At Bushs suggestion, Shannon also studied the operation of the analyzers relay circuits for his masters thesis. This analysis formed the basis for Shannons influential 1938 paper "a symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching. Circuits in which he put forth his developing theories on the relationship of symbolic logic to relay circuits. This paper, and the theories it contained, would have a seminal impact on the development of information processing machines and systems in the years to come. Shannons paper provided a glimpse into the future of information processing. While studying the relay switches on the differential Equalizer as they went about formulating an equation, Shannon noted that the switches were always either open or closed, or on and off. This led him to think about a mathematical way to describe the open and closed states, and he recalled the logical theories of mathematician george boole, who in the middle 1800s advanced what he called the logic of thought, in which all equations were reduced.
Its faculty included mathematician Norbert wiener, who would later coin the term cybernetics to describe the work in information theories that he, shannon and other leading American mathematicians were conducting; and Vannevar Bush, mits dean of engineering, who in the early 1930s had built. The differential Analyzer was developed to calculate complex equations that tabulators and calculators of the day were unable to address. It was a mechanical computer, using a series of gears and shafts to engage cogs until the equation was solved. Once it completed its letter cycle, the answer to the equation was obtained by measuring the changes in position of its various machine parts. Its only electrical parts were the motors used to drive the gears. With its crude rods, gears and axles, the analyzer looked like a childs erector set. Setting it up to work one equation could take two to three days; solving the same equation could take equally as long, if not longer.
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Claude Shannon Essay, research Paper, overview, noted as a founder of information theory, claude Shannon combined mathematical theories with engineering principles to set the stage for the development of the digital computer. The term bit, today used to describe individual units of information processed by a computer, was coined from. Shannons research in the 1940s. A midwesterner, Claude, shannon was born in gaylord, michigan in 1916. From an early age, he showed an affinity for both engineering and mathematics, and graduated from Michigan. University with degrees in both disciplines. For his advanced degrees, he chose to attend the massachusetts Institute of Technology. At the time, mit was one of a number of prestigious institutions conducting research that would eventually formulate the basis for what essay is now known as the information sciences.